Warts

Warts are growths on the top layer of skin which can form on any part of the body. These are transmitted through sexual contact and can affect your genitals, mouth, or throat. It usually enters the body through broken areas of skin. There are different types of warts based on the body part they grow on, for instance, common warts grow on hands, plantar warts expand on soles of the feet, genital warts grow on the genital area.

Symptoms

The symptoms can vary according to the type of wart contracted. Here are some of the symptoms:

  • Black dots resembling seeds also called as seed warts
  • Itching or soreness
  • The rough or bumpy surface
  • Small brown or pink coloured swellings
  • Foot warts can grow in clusters
  • Flat warts can grow in large numbers of 20-100 at a time.
  • Filiform warts look like fingers and often grow around the face, mouth and nose.

Causes

This disease is caused by a group of viruses called Human papillomavirus(HPV). There are 100 known varieties of HPV; over 40 of them are known to cause infection all over the human body. At the point when the virus attacks the external layer of skin, through a minuscule scratch, it gives rise to the fast development of cells on the outer layer of skin – making the wart. It can spread through skin to skin contact by shaking hands or hugging an infected person. It can also spread by coming in contact with some object which was touched by some infected individual.

Treatment

There are a few ways warts can be treated:

  • You can get it surgically removed (laser surgery, electrosurgery or curettage).
  • By freezing the wart or cryotherapy.
  • A simple home remedy such as salicylic acid.
  • A shot of medicine or putting some medicine on it.
  • Cantharidin is the extract of a blister. It is applied around the wart which later forms a blister. The area gets covered with a bandage or a dressing; the blister removes the wart.