Vision problems distort the normal vision and can hinder your daily routine; which can range from temporary to permanent vision loss. Numerous conditions and disorders may cause various types of visual disturbances. Some of the usual vision problems include myopia, astigmatism, colour blindness, cataract and glaucoma. Let’s discuss these problems in detail.
The symptoms can differ according to the issue. Some of the common symptoms are:
- Severe, sudden or recurrent pain in or around the eye
- Blurred, or double vision
- Flashes of light or sudden bright and floating spots
- Sensing heaviness in one eye
- Pain or sensitivity to light or glare
- Swollen or red eyes
- Changes in the colour of the iris
- Itching or burning in the eyes.
- Heavy or light discharge in the eyes
- Squinting to focus on an object
- Difficulty in recognising faces or objects
- difficulty in identifying colours
- Writing less clearly.
Causes can depend upon the disease or disorder you might be suffering from. Some of the common reasons are:
- Scratch or damage to the cornea
- Muscle weakness
- Accident or trauma to the eyes
- Genetic condition
- Inflammation of the optic nerve
- exposure to chemicals
- Medications, such as those prescribed for erectile dysfunction and, psychological disorders.
- Wrong prescription glasses
- Injury or swelling in the eyelids
The treatment depends upon the type of vision problem you are suffering from. A proper diagnosis is essential for treatment. Visual issues might be due to a minor problem, but one should never take them for granted whatsoever. Minor inconveniences can be a symptom of other serious conditions like glaucoma, brain tumours or stroke. The doctor will proceed by performing tests like physical, eye and blood tests. Here are some common treatments listed below:
- Medication: Drugs can treat underlying conditions which in turn will stop hindering your vision.
- Dietary changes: Manage your diabetes and get assistance in managing your condition. The changes, such as your diet, can prevent visual disturbances.
- Glasses, contact lenses, or magnifying devices: These may be able to correct vision disturbances without medication.
- Surgery: Surgery can help you improve or repair damaged nerves and muscles.