Vaginal Atrophy

Vaginal atrophy, also referred to as atrophic vaginitis, is the thinning, drying, or inflammation of vaginal walls. It is caused due to less estrogen production. Vaginal atrophy is likely to occur after the menopausal period. The vaginal tissues fail to work like the usual schedule and you may need to see a doctor for the hormonal and non-hormonal treatment depending on your condition.

 

Due to vaginal atrophy, the vaginal lining begins to shrink or even thin. Vaginal atrophy may also occur in teenage women due to hormonal fluctuations if their bodies produce lower estrogen levels. It is also known as “genital syndrome of menopause.”

Symptoms

Vaginal atrophy can be complex, and it is necessary to look out for symptoms effectively. The symptoms of vaginal atrophy include the following

     Painful intercourse

     Vaginal discharge

     Vaginal dryness

     Burning or itching in vagina

     Spotting or bleeding

In some instances, vaginal atrophy will also have a severe impact on the urinary system. This will also result in the change of certain symptoms like going to the bathroom frequently, urinary tract infection and more.

Causes

During and after the menopausal, the body tends to produce less estrogen. The lack of estrogen in the body leads to the vaginal lining becoming thin and less stretchy. This may also lead to vaginal canal narrowing and shortening.

Low estrogen levels in the body also hamper the level of vaginal fluids, which further hampers the acidic balance of the vagina. Pregnant or breastfeeding women, too, may experience a sudden drop in estrogen level. The symptoms similar to vaginal atrophy would also appear in women who underwent surgeries for ovary removal or the ones who are taking medicines like aromatase inhibitors for treating breast cancer.

Treatments

Most treatments are for curing the symptoms of vaginal atrophy, but others usually treat the loss of estrogen, which also contribute towards easing the symptoms of vaginal atrophy.

     The treatment of vaginal atrophy include the following

     The use of dilators helps to widen the vagina, which makes having sex easier.

     Hormonal therapy not only helps to cure the symptoms of vaginal atrophy, but it also helps to restore the normal acidic balance of the vagina.

 

     Lotions and oils to increase moisture around the loose vagina and treat dryness. 

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