If you experience uterine bleeding during your menstrual cycle, it is normal. But, if you have been noticing changes and bleeding at that time of the month when you shouldn't be, then it is a clear sign of any underlying medical condition.
Uterine bleeding is heavy bleeding through the vagina from the uterus. If it happens unpredictably, it may be a serious condition. Abnormal uterine bleeding may hamper your daily life schedule, making you miss work or studies. Since it is a medical condition, it requires immediate attention.
You may experience abnormal uterine bleeding for various reasons. One of the most common reasons for such heavy uterine bleeding in pregnancy. Nonetheless, fibroids or polyps can also cause uterine bleeding. Other underlying conditions such as cervical infections, thyroid problems and cancer can also be a leading cause for uterine bleeding.
Hormonal imbalances may also be a major reason for uterine bleeding. Uterine bleeding caused due to hormonal imbalances is referred to as dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Such type of uterine bleeding is seen in teenagers or women approaching the age of their menopause.
Other causes of uterine bleeding include the following
- Uterine cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Early pregnancy
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
The symptoms of uterine bleeding will vary from person to person. The most common symptoms of uterine bleeding include the following
- Heavy menstrual bleeding or menorrhagia
- Unusual bleeding during sex, after menopause or between periods.
- Excessive bleeding for prolonged periods, mostly for seven days or more.
- Irregular menstrual cycle
Uterine bleeding has a lot of treatment options. The treatment would eventually depend on age, cause of bleeding, and pregnancy chances in the near future. It is better to see a medical professional find out the exact cause.
- The doctor may recommend inserting an intrauterine device through the vagina to lower the chances of pregnancy, which will lower the risk of bleeding.
- The birth control pills initiate the regular menstrual cycle, thereby maintaining lighter periods.
- The doctor may conduct an endometrial ablation to destroy the uterine lining.
- People suffering from fibroids or endometrial or uterine cancer will need to undergo hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) to lower the risk of uterine bleeding.