Human teeth are protected by the hard outer surface known as enamel. Tooth Decay refers to the destruction of enamel. The tooth decay usually affects the outer layer, but it affects the deeper layers with gradual growth. Tooth decay is a serious problem that needs to be addressed immediately, or it can severely impact mouth and teeth.
Tooth decay is a dental cavity that leaves severe impacts on your teeth—the decay results in acid production, which weakens the enamel. The bacteria can further form a pit or cavity on the tooth surface, which will gradually spread in the mouth.
To avoid tooth decay, it is extremely necessary to keep a check on food habits. Tooth decay is a result of good being trapped between teeth. However, the decay may be prominent due to foods containing carbohydrates that can only be removed by brushing and flossing.
The plaque on teeth may lead to excessive acid formation, which will damage the tooth surface thereby exposing it to pores or cavities. The holes caused due to tooth decay will grow with time and destroy the entire tooth.
Consumption of sugary or sticky foods and beverages can be the leading cause of tooth decay. The higher the amount of sugar consumption, the more will be the chances of acid production. Reports suggest that the teeth become prone to acidic damage for 20 minutes after sugary food consumption.
Other common causes of tooth decay include the following
- Dry mouth
- Weak enamel due to genetics or illness
- Not brushing the mouth.
- Eating disorder
- Acid reflux or gastrointestinal diseases
The most common symptom of tooth decay is the appearance of black spots or cavities on the teeth. Most people also experience sharp pain across their teeth.
The symptoms however may vary depending on the seriousness of the damage.
The common symptoms of tooth decay include
- Bad breath
- Loose fillings
- Difficulty in chewing food
- Constant tooth pain
- Increased sensitivity around the tooth
- White or black spots on the tooth
It is better to see a dentist find the most appropriate treatment for tooth decay. Some of the common treatments that may be recommended by the dentist would include
- Tooth extraction
- Root canal
- Early-stage fluoride treatment