Sexually Transmitted Diseases

As the name suggests, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) spread from one person to another through sexual contact. One can contract this group of diseases through unprotected sexual intercourse which might be Oral, vaginal or Anal. Without proper treatment, these can cause serious health problems and sometimes death. It is, however, common in the younger demographic (15-24 years). Depending upon the type of STD, infections can also transmit through sharing needles and breastfeeding. Some of the common STDs are AIDS, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, chlamydia, genital warts and herpes.

Symptoms

The symptoms can differ according to the disease you have contracted. Some of the common symptoms are:

  • Painful urination, pain in the lower abdominal area, vaginal discharge in women, discharge from the penis in men are the symptoms in case of chlamydia.
  • Pain or burning sensation while urinating, heavy menstrual bleeding, painful, swollen testicles, painful bowel movements in the case of Gonohhorea.
  • When it comes to HIV infection fever, headache, sore throat, swollen lymph glands, rash and, fatigue are some of the early signs.
  • Symptoms of genital herpes include small red bumps, blisters or open sores in the genital and anal areas and areas, pain or itching around the genital area and buttocks.
  • Symptoms of Hepatitis B and C are fatigue, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain or discomfort, loss of appetite, Fever, Muscle or joint pain and Itching.

Causes

STDs include different types of infections which comprise of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms.

  • Bacterial STDs consist of chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis.
  • Viral infections are HIV, genital herpes, genital warts (HPV), and hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
  • Trichomoniasis is brought about by a parasite.

You are vulnerable to STDs if :

  • You have multiple partners in sexual intercourse.
  • You have regular sexual contact with someone who has had many partners.
  • You don’t use protection, such as condoms when having sex.
  • You share needles while injecting drugs.

Treatment

The treatment mainly depends upon the type of infection you have. You should immediately seek medical attention in such cases and avoid sexual contact at any cost. Here are some of the treatments:

  • Bacterial STDs: Antibiotics can look after bacterial infections easily. Additionally, complete the whole course of medicines even if you feel that you have recovered.
  • Viral STDs: Most of the viral infections have no cure, but treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Some of the STDs are caused by small insects like pubic lice, trichomoniasis and scabies, which are easily curable. These STDs need oral or topical medications.