Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder where the person undergoes hallucinations, delusions and disordered thinking and speech. It is bitter for the person to know the reality and it affects their feelings and behavior to a major extent. It is better to consult a psychiatrist earlier as if left untreated, the symptoms can be persistent and causing troubles.
Psychiatrists call it psychosis as the things that they see and hear are unrealistic. The treatment at earliest, works a lot, in reducing the disorder and keeping it under control. It helps to engage well in the group and personal relationships. 

Symptoms:
The Schizophrenia affected males may get the symptoms earlier than the female ones and it generally emerges between late teens and early thirties. There are three episodes of symptoms which are as below:
Positive or psychotic symptoms:
  • abnormal thinking
  • changes in vision, smell, touch and hearing
  • hallucinations
  • delusions
  • unusual thinking
  • disorganized speech

Negative symptoms:

  • motivation less
  • difficulty in planning and initiating things
  • reduced expression of emotions
  • lack of enjoyment
  • disinterest

Cognitive symptoms:

  • less attention to things
  • difficulty in concentrating
  • difficulties in conversation, learning new things and remembering important things
  • trouble in focusing and making decisions

Causes:
The causes for schizophrenia are still unknown, but certain researchers say that it is a combination of genetics, chemistry involving brain and environment triggers are the major components of this mental illness.
The genes play some role in Schizophrenia. If someone in the family had schizophrenia before, there are some chances to get it by genes. However, environmental triggers play a vital role here. Certain psychoactive drugs like methamphetamine or LSD can make this mental disorder turned up. Using marijuana is supposed to have similar side effects. These drugs make you feel the delusions and hallucinations, damaging your mental health.
Additional risk factors causing Schizophrenia:

  • suffering from inflammation and autoimmune diseases
  • complications during pregnancy like exposure to bacteria and virus
  • low income
  •  consuming mind-altering drugs
  • Living in a stressful surroundings

Treatment:
The cause for schizophrenia is still not known so the treatments involve reducing and managing the symptoms. Antipsychotic medication helps them to feel better. This medication is taken in the form of pills or tonics daily and injection for every once or two months.   

Psychosocial treatment helps a lot which involves cognitive behavioral therapy and skill trainings. The combined treatment of medication and psychosocial treatment makes the symptoms get reduced and makes them feel better.