PCOS/PCOD

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is one of the most prevalent problems in women around the world in this era. It is a hormonal disorder that affects the functioning of the ovaries of women. One might have irregular periods or no periods, and get cysts in a "string of pearls" pattern. PCOS is also a general cause of infertility.
This cannot be cured, but can definitely be treated by medications in order to reduce long term complications.

SYMPTOMS


The symptoms of PCOS usually appear in the late teens or in the early 20’s. It can also develop later due to ample weight gain. Also can be a serious concern in case of obese women. A primary diagnosis can be made if following symptoms show up:

  •    Irregular periods: missed, irregular, infrequent, or prolonged periods.
  •      Excess Androgen:  hair loss, hair in unwanted places (like on face, chest, back), and acne.
  •      Polycystic ovaries: enlargement of ovaries containing follicles that surround eggs.
  •    Extreme hair loss, oily skin, acne.

CAUSES

  •  The definite cause of PCOS is still a guess. Mostly it is found in families. It can also be a by-product of problems which causes excess amounts of insulin formation in the body in turn affecting the ovaries and their ability to produce eggs. This leads to increased production of androgen and its effects on the body like acne and unwanted hair.
  •  Obesity can also cause PCOS.

TREATMENT

  •  The symptoms of the PCOS can be medicated with proper diagnosis, but unfortunately it does not have any precise cure.
  •  In case of excessive weight, losing weight and a balanced diet may prove helpful to a certain extent.
  •  Unwanted hair growth, thinning of hair, irregular periods and infertility can be treated with the use of medicines prescribed by doctors. These medications can help reduce the risk of endometrial cancer, get regular periods, clear up acne, and lessen extra body hair.
  •   In case of medicine failure in treating infertility a simple surgery named laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) can be performed which destroys the tissue producing androgens in ovaries using heat or laser.
  •   Proper treatment helps most women with PCOS to get pregnant.