Skin is termed as oily when the sebaceous (oil) glands produce a large amount of oil. This process is called seborrhea, as in sebum production. Sebum is not an enemy as it moisturizes your skin and keeps your hair shiny and healthy. Individuals with oily skin are vulnerable to acne more often. If taken care of, oily skin can avoid acne and breakouts.
There are a few symptoms, such as:
- People with oily skin usually have large pores with a glossy shine to their face.
- This type of derma is vulnerable to blackheads, whiteheads and acne.
- In cases of mild acne, comedones(blackheads and whiteheads) appear on the face and sometimes on the neck and back as well.
- Makeup doesn’t stay much on your face.
Oily skin is caused by one or a combination of the following factors:
- Genetic: If your parents have oily skin, the chances are that they have been passed down through genetic material.
- Environment: Some factors like hot and humid climates can cause excessive oil production.
- Medication: Hormonal replacement medication can increase sebum production in the skin.
- Cosmetics: Poor quality cosmetics can lead to severed production of oil as well. If you use some products that are for dry skin, the chances are that you may end up making your face dry, hence, triggering oil production.
- Hormonal changes: Pregnancy, menstruation, and puberty leads to fluctuation in hormones resulting in oily skin.
Here are a few treatments used:
- Washing your face: cleanse your face after exercise, morning and evening, this will prevent the oil and dirt from building up.
- Skincare: Try to use light, oil-free or non-comedogenic products. Also, don’t use a harsh scrub on your face.
- Use water or gel-based makeup products.
- Remove your makeup before you sleep.
- Use a zinc oxide or titanium oxide-based sunscreen.
- Avoid touching your face throughout the day as it can transfer the dirt to your face, clogging the pores.