A migraine is a strong severe, recurring pain at one side of the head. It is a medical condition that includes nausea and vomiting and can last up to several hours to days. It also causes extra sensitivity to light. It can interfere with the daily activities of the patient causing him to postpone them.
Migraines have four stages and the symptoms depend upon the stage the patients are in, they are as follows.
Stage 1: Prodrome.
A subtle alteration before an upcoming migraine is called prodrome, which including symptoms like,
- Constant yawning.
- Mood swings
- Food cravings
- Rigidity in the neck.
- Uncontrolled thirst and frequent urination.
Stage 2: Aura.
Aura usually comes during migraines and lasts up to twenty minutes an hour and they are more notable. The symptoms of aura include,
- Different shapes, bright spots, and sparks of light flashes before the patient eyes.
- Temporary blindness.
- Needling sensations in different parts of the body.
- Frailty in only half side of the body.
- Difficulty in talking.
- Hearing delusional voices.
- Being jumpy.
Stage 3: Attack.
A migraine lasts up to 72 hours and can come anytime, maybe once in a few months or several times in a month. That kind of migraine has the symptoms of,
- Severe pain at only one side of the head
- Throbbing pulses
- Extremity to light.
Stage 4: Post-drome.
After going through a migraine, the post symptoms are confusion. And if any frequent head movements are made, then you will get it back.
Experts say that there is so no exact cause for this medical problem, but the conditions that trigger migraine are given below,
- Hormonal cycle changes during menstruation.
- Inheritance, if anyone in the close family has it.
- Stress, depression, and anxiety.
- Overtake of alcohol, caffeine, citrus fruits, or any foods that have tyramine in it.
- Loud noisy places.
- Temperature changes.
- Jam-packed rooms.
- Insufficient sleep.
- Low blood sugar.
- Jet lag.
- Insufficiency of water intake.
The chances of risk factors of migraine increase tenfold if the patient has the given below conditions,
- Bipolar disorder.
- Insufficient sleep.
- Depression and anxiety.
There is no treatment for migraines but medications can lower the effect of symptoms if they arise. Before proper medications, even specialists propose to take help from home remedies first but if they do not work than medication is prescribed.