Menopause

Menopause is a state when the menstruating woman hasn’t menstruated in the past twelve months. Also, a menopausal woman won’t have the capacity to become pregnant. Menopause begins at the age of 45 to 55 years which will eventually have a huge impact on the body. Many women may also experience menopause after the age of 55 years.

Menopause is the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle that can also indicate the reproductive changes of the body. Menopause brings about unnatural changes such as hot flashes, and even weight gain. Menopause is a natural phenomenon for which no medicines are required.

Causes

The ovaries of a woman produce eggs, and essential hormones such as progesterone and estrogen. All these hormones regulate the menstruation and release of eggs. The failure to release these eggs (whether fertilized or unfertilized) is the sign of menopause.

Menopause is a common part of aging and can affect women after the age of 40 years. However, a lot of women may experience menopause early in their life too. Early menopause will happen if the woman has undergone any surgery to remove the ovaries or the ovaries have been damaged due to chemotherapy. If the woman experiences menopause before 40 years, it is referred to as premature menopause.

Symptoms

Every woman experiences different symptoms of menopause. While some women may experience these symptoms for a short time, some may experience these for prolonged periods.

Lifestyle choices like smoking or medical conditions such as hysterectomy or cancer can only elevate the severity of symptoms.

The symptoms of perimenopause include

  • Less or infrequent menstruation
  • Heavy or lighter period than your normal experience
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats

The symptoms of menopause include the following

  • Headaches
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Tender or sore breasts
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Low sex drive
  • Anxiety
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Memory problems
  • Stiff joints
  • Hair thinning
  • Body hair growth
  • Decreased bone mass
  • Stiff joints

Treatment

The severity of the symptoms needs to be diagnosed to find the perfect treatment for menopausal women. Medicines can be of great help in managing the symptoms.

The lifestyle changes for treating menopause pain include

  • Staying cool
  • Managing weight
  • Relaxing
  • Changing diets
  • Maintaining sleep schedule
  • Give up on smoking and alcohol