Measles is a highly infectious viral disease which starts at the respiratory tract and then throughout the body. This disease is human and is not found in animals. Even though the vaccines are available today, it has still claimed 23.2 million lives from 2000-2018.
The most common victims are young children, people with weakened immune systems and pregnant women.
The symptoms begin 7-18 days after the manifestation to the virus. Some of the symptoms include:
- High fever: starts about 10-12 days after the exposure to the virus and lasts for 4-7 days.
- Runny nose and cough.
- Red, watery eyes.
- Small white spots on the inner side of cheeks. (during initial days)
- Rashes flare up on the face, which then reaches hands and feet. These last for about 5-6 days and eventually fade.
Morbillivirus is responsible for this viral disease. This virus lives in the nose and throat of an infected person; It then spreads to a healthy individual through coughing or sneezing through airborne droplets.
If a pregnant woman contracts measles; she is at a high risk of miscarriage or complicated delivery. This infection can sometimes extend the issues for a patient such as vision loss, encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia and additional infections.
There is no possible cure for measles as it’s a viral infection. Prevention is the only way to avoid this; consider vaccinating your kids.
Some treatments used for measles are:
- There should be increased fluid consumption to support water loss through vomiting and diarrhoea. The oral rehydration solution is strongly recommended.
- Acetaminophen for fever is prescribed (avoid Aspirin)
- Children diagnosed with measles are given two doses of vitamin A 24 hours apart. These doses restore the low Vitamin A levels, which can lead to blindness too.
- Antibiotic medications are advised to treat eye and ear infections.