Heavy periods or Menorrhagia is a condition where during the times of menstrual periods, the bleeding is abnormally heavy and prolonged. It is quite common to have heavy menstrual bleeding during the periods but, it is uncommon when there is severe blood loss.
If you are suffering from Menorrhagia, you cannot manage your regular activities in the days of menstrual periods. There will be a heavy blood loss. You may need to change the pads or tampons more often. Having heavy periods more often is not a good sign and it may lead to several health-related issues.
Some women undergo heavy periods right from their first menstrual flow. For some others, it may start after years or decades. It is better to consult a doctor if the following symptoms are often found:
- Changing the pads more often in a day of periods.
- Using two or more pads to manage the heavy bleeding.
- Changing the pads in the middle of the night.
- Bleeding for a week.
- Period pain or bleeding between the periods.
- Skipping the routine works due to cramp and bleeding.
- Feeling tired and shortness of birth.
- Bleeding after menopause.
If the pain or bleeding is more often followed by the above symptoms, it is advisable to find the solution sooner.
The underlying reason for this heavy bleeding is still not found. However, there are several conditions stated to be a cause. The major conditions include as follows:
- Hormone problems: After every menstrual cycle, the hormones estrogen and progesterone build up a lining (endometrium) in the uterus. These endometrium lines are shed during the periods. If there is a hormonal imbalance, these lining develops further and as a result, it sheds more than the normal condition.
- Dysfunction of the ovaries: If the ovaries don’t ovulate during the menstrual cycle, the body doesn’t produce the hormone called progesterone. So, due to the imbalance between the hormones, this may result in heavy periods.
- Growth in the womb: Fibroids are the non-cancerous tumor that grows within the uterus making the period heavy.
- IUDs: Usage of IUDs for birth control may make the side effect of heavier periods.
The doctor may suggest you to have birth control pills as it reduces the hormonal imbalances. Certain drugs and pills are available if the condition is very mild. In case of severe conditions, the doctor may suggest the surgeries to get rid. There is a procedure to remove the thick linings of the uterus called dilation and curettage. It stops the heavy periods, but it needs to be done more than once.