Fatty liver is something that happens when fat builds up in the liver. Having small amounts of fat in your liver is normal, but too much can be hazardous to your health.
A fatty liver can cause liver inflammation, which can damage your liver and create scarring. In severe cases, scarring can cause liver failure.
Fatty liver can is divided into two types:
1. When fatty liver develops in someone who drinks too much alcohol, it’s known as Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD).
2. In someone who does not drink a lot of alcohol, it’s called Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).
In many cases, fatty liver causes no visible symptoms, but the feeling of discomfort can be experienced in the upper right side of the abdomen.
A small percentage of people with fatty liver can develop liver scarring, which is known as Cirrhosis which can lead to some of the following symptoms:
- Loss Of Appetite and Weight Loss
- Abdominal Pain and swelling
- Swelling Of Legs
- Breast Enlargement In Men
Fatty liver develops when your body produces extra fat or doesn’t digest fat efficiently enough. The extra sat gets stored in the liver cells, where it accumulates and results in the fatty liver disease.
This build-up of fat can be caused by a lot of different things, some of them are:
- Consumption of too much alcohol
- High Blood Sugar
- Insulin Resistance
Less common causes comprise of:
- Rapid weight loss
Currently, there are no medications available for Fatty Liver but are some lifestyle changes that can be put into work to control the disease.
Some of the changes are:
- Limit or avoid consumption of alcohol: Avoid drinking blindly and even if you are, limit the amount of it.
- Change your diet: Indulge in a healthy habit of consuming fruits and vegetables.
- Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day: Increase your physical activity which will help you lose the extra weight on your body.
- Consume Vitamin E, As vitamin E and other vitamins called antioxidants could help protect the liver by reducing the damage done by inflammation. But more research is needed.
- The last resort, when nothing else works, is surgery.