Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the tissue that lines the inside of a woman’s uterus, grows outside of it. It usually involves the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis. It rarely affects some other organs except pelvic organs. At the point when it influences the ovaries, growths called endometriomas may shape. The surrounding tissue can get bothered, in the end; leaving behind scar tissue and bonds irregular groups of stringy tissue that can make pelvic tissues and organs adhere to one another. Often, Endometriosis can lead to pain sometimes severe during menstrual periods. Fertility problems also may develop as a result of this condition.
- Painful periods: Pelvic pain and cramping can start before menstruation and may extend even after they are over. You might also experience lower back and pain in the abdominal area.
- Pain during sexual intercourse: Feeling mild or severe pain during or after sexual intercourse.
- Pain with bowel movements or urination: You might experience this symptom mostly during menstruation.
- Bleeding: You might go through this experience of heavy bleeding during periods and even between two menstrual cycles.
- Infertility: In some cases, the women who are suffering from infertility get diagnosed with this disorder.
- Bloody stool or urine.
- Other symptoms: You may experience fatigue, diarrhoea, constipation, bloating or nausea, mainly during menstruation.
The root cause of this condition is still unknown, but here are some of the possible reasons:
- Problems with the menstrual period flow are more likely the cause of Endometriosis.
- Genetic factors are a cause as this disease might be embedded in your genes.
- Immune system problems may fail to find and destroy endometrial tissue growing outside of the uterus.
- Surgery to the abdominal area like C- section can often pick up an endometrial tissue and transfer it to another place by mistake.
- Sometimes, the blood vessels or lymphatic system can transport endometrial cells to other areas.
The treatment can be medication or surgery in severe cases. Here are some of the treatments for Endometriosis:
- Medication: If you are not trying to get pregnant; the doctor will prescribe hormonal birth control. These medications are available in the form of shots and pills. Intrauterine devices are also an option, but it will not help you with the pain.
- Surgery: During surgery, the surgeon will relocate areas of Endometriosis and will remove the patches. After surgery, hormone treatment is continued until you are trying to get pregnant.