Diabetes Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes that is a lifelong chronic medical disease in which your bloodstream gets clogged by a high sugar level. ’Insulin’ is a hormone that is used to make energy in our body by transferring glucose from the blood to the cells.

Patients with This medical condition are known to be ‘insulin resistors' because body cells don’t counter insulin much and when the situation gets worse they stop producing it at all.

Cases:

Diabetes was for known people of middle age as they got diagnosed more frequently and was called ‘adult on-set’ disease. this kind of diabetes is called adult-onset diabetes. But type 2 diabetes also counters children and youngsters.

In the United States of America, the number of people diagnosed with this disease is 29 million, and 84 million are on the stage of prediabetes (they are not on that intense stage of high blood sugar to be considered as patients of diabetes.

Symptoms:

Type 2 diabetes takes place slowly so the early symptoms are not that prominent to notice.

Early symptoms:

  • Less energy and drowsiness.
  • Dropping weight.
  • Uncontrolled thirst.
  • Unintended weight loss.
  • Incessant urination.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Skin irritation.
  • Spinning head.

Late symptoms:

As the condition worsens and the blood sugar level has been frequently high for a long time than the symptoms become more notable and risky,

  • Yeast infections
  • It takes more time for cuts or injuries to heal
  • The skin develops dark patches.
  • Foot ache.
  • Neuropathy (feeling numb)

Causes:

The following are the causes told by diabetes specialists for this medical condition.
  • Genes Inheritance.
  • Overweight or digestive syndrome.
  • Overproduction of glucose made by the liver.
  • Connection problem between cells.
  • Damaged beta cells.

Risk factors:

Some certain factors are risk causing leading to medical conditions like diabetes and they are mentioned below,

  • There’s a high risk if some close family member has this disease.
  • Age (45+) can be the greatest risk as most people tend to get at this at their old age.
  • Women with the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are at high risk.

Treatment:

At the early stage of treatment, the diabetes specialist’s advice for a healthy lifestyle includes weight loss, exercise, and healthy eating. The specialist prescribes medicines if they don’t see any progress with due time.