Diabetes Type 1

Several names like insulin-dependent Diabetes are well known for type 1 Diabetes. Because during that, the pancreas's tendency declines to generate insulin.

The body hormone that helps in regulating and monitoring blood sugar levels is known as insulin. This condition does appear in children and is termed as juvenile Diabetes.

Besides such advancements in science and technology, no firm treatment of Type 1 Diabetes has been found. But therapy mainly focuses on managing the condition by either controlling diet or related things like environmental factors, lifestyle changes, etc.

Symptoms

The presence of this disease might appear suddenly with the following indication:

  • Excessive hunger cramps
  • Vision issues like blurry vision
  • Excessive thirst
  • Extreme body fatigue along with weakness
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Frequent urination
  • Incidents of bedwetting might appear in juvenile diabetes condition
  • Ketoacidosis might also occur with a fruity breath, rapid breathing, dry or itchy skin and mouth, vomiting, nausea, and stomach pain, etc.

Diagnosis:

Anyone might get diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes if he/she has:

  • Fasting blood sugar levels higher than 126 mg/dL
  • Show some diabetes symptoms mild to severe
  • Random blood sugar levels higher than 200 mg/dL

Sometimes multiple tests might be done to confirm the condition.

Causes

The exact cause of Type 1 Diabetes is hard to identify in each case. However, some pre-diagnosed probable reasons behind it appeared in several types of research conducted.

Some of those reasons include:

  • Malfunctioning of the immune system of the body kills insulin cells considering it as outsiders.
  • Malfunctioning of the pancreas due to some accidental injury or genetic reasons.
  • Genes might be a reason that passes on from parents to offsprings.
  • Environmental factors might also convert the recessive genes into dominant ones.
  • The presence of any diseases might also trigger Type 1 diabetes in a person.

Treatment

During Type 1 Diabetes, the body is incapacitated for making insulin in the body. Hence treatment becomes mandatory.

For seeking help, you might refer to an Endocrinologist who is a specialist and knows well about all hormones and related systems. Another option is consulting a Diabetologist who is well-versed in all types of Diabetes and prescribes medicine after evaluating its symptoms, kind, and cause.

Your specialist might prescribe:

  • Insulin via pump or injection depending upon age and suitability.
  • Metformin medicine is given orally in pills to those who develop some unknown type of resistance against insulin.
  • Several other new drugs are being researched, and the BCG vaccine is also among those, and it's two shots claim to stabilize sugar levels for nearly 4 to 5 years.

Besides these diet and regular exercise recommended by the doctor also helps in managing the condition of Type 1 Diabetes to a great extent.

https://medlineplus.gov/diabetestype1.html

https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-1-diabetes

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