Benign Breast lumps are the starting stage of the tumor. Most breast lumps are benign, indicating that they may not be cancerous. Both men and women are prone to benign breast lumps and the condition is known as benign breast diseases.
The breast lumps are mostly non-cancerous and aren’t life-threatening. But, these however can increase the chances of developing cancer in the later stages of life.
Most women experience benign breast lumps in their life mostly due to fibrocystic changes. The hormonal changes in the body are considered to be the main reason behind breast tissue changes.
The common causes of Benign breast lumps include the following
- Fibroadenomas: These are common and can be rubbery, round, and solid lumps moving freely. Women between the age of 20 to 30 years are prone to these. These are operated to be removed from the body.
- Fibrocystic changes: The hormonal changes during menstrual cycle changes the breast as well, referred to as fibrocystic breast changes. The lumps may occur in both the breasts and may change in size and tenderness. The lumps are usually hard and rubbery and may appear like a single one. Postmenopausal women are likely to suffer from lumps due to this reason.
- Simple cysts: These cysts are usually fluid-filled sacs that affect both breasts. They may either be one or many and the size of these cysts changes as per the menstrual cycle.
- Traumatic fat necrosis: This is often a result of injury and is mostly painless.
- Intraductal papillomas: These appear to be small, wart-like growth around the nipples and affect women between the ages of 30-50years.
A self-exam would often help you analyze the presence of lumps in your breast. The doctor may conduct a mammogram to be sure of the condition.
The symptoms of benign breast lumps include
- Nipple discharge
- Mild to severe breast pain
- Creased or scaly nipple
- Dimpled or scaly breasts
- Breast changes (shape, size and color)
Often benign breast lumps do not need any treatment. Some of the prominent treatment helpful for treating benign breast lumps include
- Oral antibiotics
- Fine needle aspiration for draining out the fluid from cysts