Bacterial Vaginosis

The overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina results in bacterial vaginosis. The inflammation often disturbs the vaginal cycle and can be very annoying.

Although bacterial vaginosis affects women mostly in their reproductive years, it can affect women of other ages. Bacterial vaginosis isn’t life-threatening but can cause serious problems in pregnant women and even those trying to conceive.

The exact cause of bacterial vaginosis is still unknown. However, doctors suspect that activities such as frequent douching and unprotected sex for a prolonged time can increase the risk of having bacterial vaginosis.

Symptoms

Most women suffering from bacterial vaginosis do not show any symptoms. Hence, it becomes difficult to diagnose the condition until it becomes extremely serious.

The general symptoms of bacterial vaginosis include

  • Burning sensation while peeing
  • Severe itching in and around the vaginal region
  • Thin white or gray discharge from the vagina
  • Foul smell from the vagina which becomes prominent after sex

Bacterial vaginosis has symptoms the same as yeast infection, which is why it is often confused to be one. It is better to get diagnosed with the condition to be sure of one.

Causes

Bacterial vaginosis is the result of the overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. These bacterias are meant to maintain the health of the vagina. But, if bacterias increase in number, they tend to hamper the balance within the vagina leading to discomfort.

The vagina houses two types of bacteria- good bacteria (lactobacilli) and bad bacteria (anaerobes). The good bacteria are more in number to maintain the natural balance. But, if the bad bacteria outnumber the good one, it increases the chance of bacterial vaginosis.

Treatment

Antibiotics prescribed by the doctor can be a potential treatment for bacterial vaginosis. These may be oral tablets or topical gels to be applied to the vagina. The doctor may prescribe a course of 5-7 days to prevent the symptoms.

Bacterial vaginosis is spread through sex, so it is advisable to refrain from having any sexual contact with your partner until the disappearance of symptoms. It is better to take preventive measures to avoid the risk of BV from reoccurring.

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