Asthma is a respiratory condition where the airways are inflamed, swell and narrow while also producing extra mucus, making it difficult to breathe. It begins to occur when the muscles of the lining in your airways begin to tighten and swell while the mucus being produced begins to fill the airway. This chronic disease is more likely seen in children than adults


The initial symptoms of Asthma are:

  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Wheezing when exhaling, which is a common sign of asthma in children
  • Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty talking
  • Anxiousness or panic
  • Fatigue

There are three types of Asthma that have been detected over the years in humans being,

  1. Allergic Asthma: In this case, the Asthma is triggered by pollen, pets, mold, dust or food. This type of Asthma is seasonal and is usually seen in correlation with seasonal allergies.
  2. Occupational Asthma: This type of Asthma is triggered by allergens present in the workplace. These may include dust, dyes, gases and fumes, industrial chemicals and animal proteins. Usually, this Asthma is triggered in places of car repairs and manufacturing, engineering and metalwork, woodwork and carpentry, bakeries, flour mills, and kitchens, hospitals and other healthcare settings, pet shops, zoos, and laboratories and hairdressing salons.
  3. Exercise-induced Asthma: Also known as Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. This type of Asthma begins to act up in the first 10-15 minutes of exercising.


The causes of Asthma are as follows:

  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Allergies
  • Smoking
  • Environment
  • History of viral infections
  • Genetics


Treatment for Asthma is based on three factors the type of asthma, the age and the triggers. Possible treatments include, breathing exercises, quick-acting treatments and long-term asthma control medications.

Breathing exercises help increase the lung capacity and resuce the Asthma symptoms and help the patient in the long run wheras quick acting treatments can only be used during asthma symptoms or an attack. Quick acting treatments are in the form of Bronchodilators and first aid asthma treatment.

Long term asthma control medicatons involve anti-inflammatories, anticholinergics, long-acting bronchodilators and biologic therapy drugs based on the intensity of the situation