Anxiety

Anxiety disorder is feelings of unease or stress that can range from mild to severe. This disorder makes it difficult for individuals to go about their day generally performing day to day activities like job, school and chores etc. You may go through anxiety in certain situations, but an anxiety disorder is more than a short-lived condition. It can even get worse over time for some individuals. It is mainly of three types Generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder and phobia related disorders.

Symptoms

For Generalised anxiety disorders (GAD):

  • restlessness
  • lack of concentration
  • muscle tension
  • sleep problems like unsatisfying sleep or difficulty to fall asleep

For Panic disorders:

  • Elevated sweating
  • Shivering or shaking
  • shortness of breath

For phobia related disorders:

  • Increased tension of running into the feared object.
  • Avoiding the object of fear.
  • Going through intense anxiety while encountering the object of fear.

Causes

There are a few causes which result in anxiety disorders. It can occur due to one or a combination of the following factors:

  • Some medical problems like diabetes, heart diseases, hyperthyroidism, drug misuse and respiratory disorders can induce anxiety in an individual.
  • Drug or alcohol abuse or drug withdrawal can influence anxiety.
  • Witnessing abuse or going through ill-treatment during childhood can influence anxiety in adults.
  • Some people are shy by nature; the pressure of socialising can induce anxiety in such people.
  • Other underlying mental health issues like depression can lead up to this.
  • Having a family history of anxiety disorders.

Treatment

The treatment is a matter of choice for an individual. You can try any of the following treatment methods for your condition:

  • Psychotherapy: "Talk therapy" is beneficial for anxiety patients. Psychotherapy should be aimed at a person’s specific object of fear or the traumatic event.
  • Medications: Some drugs like anti-anxiety drugs, anti-depressants and beta-blockers can relieve the symptoms of Anxiety and provide temporary ease to the patients.
  • Support groups: Some self-help organisations can act as emotional support to the victims of abuse. Talking and sharing problems with a close friend or a family member can induce a feeling of comfort.