Anti-Ageing

Ageing is a continuous process and skin is no exception. It is the most voluminous organ of the body; besides, it shows signs of ageing when it gets older. A large amount of the population mainly, women try to reverse the signs of ageing to keep their youthful look. A combination of diet, exercise and skincare products is used to prevent the signs of ageing.

Symptoms

Some of the changes include:

  • The epidermis(outer layer) of skin starts thinning, but the number of cells remains the same.
  • The number of melanocytes(pigment-containing cells) reduces in number.
  • Large pigmented spots become visible in the areas exposed to the sun.
  • Skin elasticity decreases which is known as elastosis.
  • Oil glands become less active.
  • Bleeding under the skin becomes recurrent as the blood vessels become weak.
  • Keeping cool becomes tough because sweat glands produce less sweat.
  • Reduced sensitivity to touch, pressure, vibration, heat, and cold.

Causes

There are a lot of causes for premature or normal skin ageing. Some of them include:

  • Reduced rate of multiplication in the basal layers of the cell.
  • Thinning of the epidermal layer of skin.
  • Decreased amount of collagen, fibrin and elastin, which in turn diminishes the ability of the skin to hold water.
  • Exposure to UV radiation.
  • Inflammaging due to type II diabetes.
  • Genetic mutation can cause premature ageing.
  • Some blood vessel diseases like arteriosclerosis.
  • Stress
  • Side effects of medication.
  • Obesity
  • Liver diseases
  • heart diseases
  • Exposure to chemicals

Treatment

The treatment plan can differ according to your choice, severity or lifestyle.

  • Skincare: This is more of a preventive measure rather than a treatment. You can use high-quality sunscreen before stepping out in the sun.
  • Antioxidants: Vitamin C and Vitamin E are antioxidants which prevent Matrix metalloproteinases(MMP) production, which degrades collagen in the skin.
  • Stem cell therapy: transplantation of Adipose tissue(fatty tissue) is done that helps in increasing the skin volume.
  • Retinoids: These are similar to Vitamin A chemically, and these are known to suppress the function of MMPs.
  • Hormone replacement therapy: For the women undergoing menopause this treatment is used. It increases skin volume, collagen content and improves water-retaining capacity.
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