Abdominal Pain

The pain experienced in the stomach area i.e. between the chest and pelvic region is called abdominal pain or stomach-ache. It is a common problem that is faced by every individual at a certain point in their lives.

TYPES OF ABDOMINAL PAIN

Abdominal pain can be of different intensities and for varied periods. Mainly abdominal pain is of three types: Localized Pain: This type of pain occurs in the abdomen due to infections or inflammation of abdominal organs like pancreas, stomach, kidney, gallbladder, etc. The most common cause of localized abdominal pain is stomach ulcers. Cramp-like pain: It is a type of on and off pain. It may gradually fade away and vanish altogether. In women, this pain can be experienced during menstruation, miscarriage or a reproductive organ disorder. It may also occur due to diarrhea, bloating or constipation. Colicky pain: This pain feels like a severe muscle spasm that occurs abruptly. It is experienced as a result of major conditions like stones in the gallbladder or kidney.

CAUSES

There are numerous causes of abdominal pain. Some of the prominent causes are mentioned below:

Acute Pain: This pain develops for hours or days and goes with other symptoms as well. The causes of acute pain are –

  • Appendicitis
  • Cystitis
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Stress
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Chronic Pain: It may include severe or mild symptoms. This type of pain stays constant and does not become worse over time, however, the pain may come and go at different intervals. Causes of chronic pain are –

  • Endometriosis
  • Gall stones
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
  • Crohn's disease
  • Lactose Intolerance
  • Progressive Pain: This type of pain worsens by time. The causes include:

    • Enlarged Spleen
    • Organ rupture
    • Kidney infection
    • Kidney stones
    • Uremia
    • Lead Poisoning
    • TREATMENT

    To relieve mild abdominal pain the following treatments can be done at home:

    • In case of vomiting, do not consume dairy foods and take small amounts of food that are mild for the stomach like applesauce or crackers.
    • If the pain is being caused due to acidity in the upper abdomen, take an antacid and avoid oily food, caffeine and alcohol.
    • Keep sipping water at regular intervals and do not consume solid food for some time.
    • Do not take any drug without a proper prescription from the doctor.

    WHEN TO CONTACT A DOCTOR?

    Abdominal pain usually subsides in 24 hours if at homecare is taken. However if the pain does not vanish and any of the following symptoms are observed, then go to a doctor:

    • Hematemesis
    • Bloody stools
    • Burning sensation during urination
    • Chest, neck or shoulder pain
    • If you are pregnant
    • If you are being treated for cancer
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Yellowing of skin